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ICOM 2013 in Rio(6)

Protection of Cultural Heritage during and after Armed Conflict, Revolutions and Civil Strife

In view of the current historical events in the Arabic world, such as in Syria, Egypt and other countries, ICOM expresses its deepest concern regarding the loss of unique cultural heritage resources due to violence, vandalism and ongoing looting of archaeological sites and museums. ICOM condemns the looting and vandalism suffered by museums, historical buildings and sites, and consequently the destruction of cultural heritage and the illicit traffic in artifacts.

ICOM alerts the worldwide community to this irretrievable loss to human history and culture and calls upon the worldwide museum community to raise awareness about the ongoing destruction of cultural heritage and cultural identity.

Noting that the 19th and 21st General Assemblies of ICOM, in Melbourne, Australia (16 October, 1998) and Seoul, Korea (8 October, 2004), had already emphasised the significance of the Hague Convention of 1954 and its Protocols (1).

It is recommended by the 28th General Assembly of ICOM on 17 August, 2013 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, that the newly elected President and the Executive Council:

Explore ways in which the damaging impact on museums, monuments and archaeological sites could be mitigated or minimized, and supports any actions that could be taken to protect the tangible and intangible heritage in museums and heritage sites.
Further appeal to its Members and network partners to intensify the efforts and cooperation with partners in the endangered countries in protecting their heritage, museums and archaeological sites.
Renew the appeal to all governments to ratify The Hague Convention of 1954 and its First and Second Protocols.